Drugs for heartburn in pregnancy may be linked to asthma in the baby, study suggests
Scientists have examined mothers who used pharmacological substances to relieve the symptom during pregnancy.
The onset of pregnancy is characterized by several changes in the maternal body, mainly hormonal. In the first few months, the mother’s body substantially increases the production of the progesterone and estrogen hormones, which act on the esophagus and make it difficult for the organ to perform its function, which is to transport food from the mouth to the stomach. And what is the result of all this? A gastric reflux sensation, known as heartburn. There are some natural ways to alleviate the problem, but when the discomfort is excessive, you feel like appealing to the medications. However, it is essential to thoroughly evaluate the need to leave for obstetrical remedies. In a recent study, researchers at the University of Edinburgh (UK) looked at children born to mothers who took heartburn medicines during pregnancy and found they are more likely to develop asthma.
According to the scientists, some substances in these products can impact very early on the baby’s immune system, which is still in the formation of the uterus. Contact with these substances could then cause future allergies when a child is born, such as asthma. “By compiling data, researchers are very careful to say that this [asthmaonset] is an initial suspicion that should not change the physician’s behavior. This is not yet proven, but there is a possibility “, clarifies the gastroenterologist Luciana Lobato, a professor at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp).
However, the specialist stresses: it is necessary to carefully evaluate the need to use these medicines during pregnancy, as some substances can cause eye and digestive changes, as well as cleft lip, in the baby. Therefore, it is worth betting on other, more natural, ways to combat heartburn, such as reducing the volume of meals and avoiding fizzy drinks, among others.
“When behavioral treatment fails, drug treatment with aluminum or magnesium hydroxide is indicated after meals and at bedtime; H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors, “analyzes the obstetrician and obstetrician Milze Rodrigues of the Center for Human Reproduction FertilCare of Brasília. The specialist also notes that the use of sodium bicarbonate is not indicated.